EQ Volcano eruption in Tonga. Tsunami warning for Amer. Samoa

Vegas321

Live free and survive
Can't under estimate how HUGE of a event just happend.
No scientists had seen this coming. Because the volcano was under the surface of the ocean.
 

bassaholic

Veteran Member
What's interesting is that there is talks Tonga will make Bitcoin legal tender and harness volcano energy to mine it...then BOOM.

17 hours ago

Volcanos, Bitcoin and remittances: A Tongan lord plans for financial security
A former lawmaker from the island nation wants to use Bitcoin to secure his country’s financial security.


Volcanos, Bitcoin and remittances: A Tongan lord plans for financial security

Analysis

A former member of the Tongan Parliament is behind a proposal to make Bitcoin (BTC) legal tender in the tiny Pacific nation of Tonga, following in the footsteps of El Salvador. It’s due for a vote in Parliament in May and the early signs are encouraging.

Mataʻiʻulua ʻi Fonuamotu, Lord Fusitu’a told Cointelegraph that plans are in motion to use state-run volcano mining facilities to create wealth in Tonga.

Tonga has 21 volcanoes. “That means one volcano for every 5,000 people.” He owns one volcano himself through his family’s hereditary land rights.

The proposed Bitcoin mining operations would use the geothermal energy of the volcanoes to generate power.

“It takes two megawatts of electricity to service 5,000 people. So 40,000 megawatts will service the entire national grid. Each volcano produces 95,000 megawatts at all times leaving much to spare,” says Lord Fusitu’a.

“We will give every family hash huts. But, this is only 20,000 units, as there are only 20,000 families.”

He suggests each volcano can generate $2,000 of Bitcoin each day, to be “gifted” to each family by the Tongan government.

For an Island of 120,000 people, economies of scale matter and the average person stands to benefit greatly.

Family Bitcoin hash huts:. Source: Lord Fusitu’a
Tonga needs $26 million for the cabling to build the operation, but the World Bank said Tonga didn’t have the collateral for that funding.

Nevertheless, Tonga managed to raise the money through a Least Developed Countries grant. Given Lord Fusitu’a's influence in local politics — and the fact he claims to own a volcano himself — he might just pull it off.

Lord Fusitu’a also claimed to have negotiated a gratis offer of the mining tech, but he has not revealed the terms of the deal. Chinese companies such as Bitmain have much market share in this space. It is also possible that refugee mining operations from China’s recent ban could be headed to Tonga. For now, that remains a mystery.

“For a nation-state, the math doesn’t change. The optimal state is for a state to have its own mining.”

Related: Tonga to copy El Salvador’s bill making Bitcoin legal tender, says former MP

Who is Lord Fusitu’a?
Once a barrister before he was a politician, Lord Fusitu’a is a member of the Tongan nobility.

Tonga is the only country in the South Pacific with a remaining indigenous monarchy. While it is a member of the Commonwealth, this was done so by choice in 1970. Tonga has never been colonized, despite pressures from imperial nations throughout history.

Lord Fusitu’a decided to step down as MP in November 2021 after recovering from operations for serious medical conditions and living in New Zealand for three years, especially with Tonga closing its borders due to COVID-19. However, his cousin has taken his seat in the Tonga Parliament, so according to Lord Fusitu’a, his domestic legislative agenda remains intact.

Two clinical deaths due to injury have informed his ambitious agenda at the Global Organization of Parliamentarians against Corruption, which includes anti-corruption legislation and gender empowerment and climate change policies.

When he spoke to Cointelegraph, and as is common since a series of surgeries, he is shirtless and covered in tattoos (a Tongan word corrupted by Captain Cook) that depict a millennium of his clan’s tattoo history.

Lord Fusitu’a has been a “Bitcoin only guy” since 2013, but “don't let the exterior fool you:” He began coding when he was eight years old.

It was his time stuck in hospital when he couldn’t speak or swallow and could only read when he reaffirmed his passions. Re-reading every printed word about Bitcoin.

Lord Fusitu’a is very visible in Bitcoin circles online where he waxes lyrical about why his country, which relies so heavily on remittance payments, should pursue Bitcoin adoption.

It’s the soundest money ever devised. It’s the combination of digital scarcity and decentralized distributed ledger. The most democratic egalitarian money on the planet. It’s sound money, the most pristine asset ever devised. It has a 200% appreciation year-on-year. As a store of value, it’s the apex creditor asset.”
“But, if you’re a remittance-dependent country like El Salvador or Tonga, it’s life changing immediately. For hyperinflation ravaged countries like Nigeria or Venezuela, where you need a wheelbarrow of currency to buy a loaf of bread […] it could be a survival mechanism for four billion poor people,” he said.

The plan
Fusitu’a explained his four-part plan for changing the way Tonga operates its economy to Cointelegraph.

The plan consists of financial education for Tongans about Bitcoin remittance payments, making Bitcoin legal tender, setting up Bitcoin mining operations in Tonga and creating Tongan Bitcoin national treasuries.

A key part of the plan revolves around fiscal education for Tongans whose economy is most heavily dependent on remittances.

Lord Fusitu’a says he is tired of families in the developing world losing so much of the badly needed income from middlemen when sending remittances home.

About 40% of the Tongan national economy is built upon remittances sent back to the country from its diaspora of almost 300,000 overseas workers, according to Lord Fusitu’a. They send money back to the island population of about 120,000. As more than double the population lives in the Tongan diaspora, remittances are crucial to the national economy.

He claimed that Tonga’s “GDP in 2020 was $510 million, 40% of that is just over $200 million. So, 30% of that, or $60 million, is fees alone to Western Union.”

Lord Fusitu’a argues that feeless Bitcoin transactions would provide a 30% uptick for everyone on remittances, as the Western Union charges villagers 30% commissions, though a calculator on Western Union’s site suggests a fee of nearly three Australian dollars for transferring a 100 Australian dollar transaction.

However, Lord Fusitu’a says that this does not account for the fact that:

“The $2.90 on $100 shown on the website does not show that there’s a minimum fee of around 10–25% on ALL remittances, depending on where you’re sending from that’s not shown on the website. When your average remittance from El Salvador or Tonga is $50–$100, that’s a lot of your remittance. It also doesn’t show that you’ll be charged the forex slippage for the purchase of Australian dollars, its conversion into Tongan pa’anga and purchase of the TOP.”

Tonga has already begun the financial literacy and “how money works” education programs in 2021, and teams were sent out for community outreach. What does the “how money works” discussion look like? Simple:

“People understand the three hours of travel and the $20 return fare bus ticket. Waiting in line at a Western Union to pay the high remittance fees. The $70 dollars that is at the counter instead of the $100 they thought they would get. And then there’s the beggar’s tax, as beggars sit outside. Three hours each way back to the village, makes a nine-hour day, you come home tired, hungry and having lost remittance fees and bus fares just to get $40-50 of your original $100 wire transfer.”
Related: Crypto remittances see adoption, but volatility may be a deal breaker

Importantly, there’s a high rate of mobile-first internet adoption in Tonga.

“A cell phone with an internet connection can change lives immediately,” Lord Fusitu’a says. For the unbanked, “a cellphone and warm wallet is their first participation in any financial system ever.”

Non-Know Your Customer wallets like Moonwallet can help those that don't have IDs. “It’s not about Bitcoin Bros, this is a viable mechanism for the billions of unbanked poor people globally. $200 billion of $700 billion lost in fees in annual remittances globally hurts the average family.”

Also, in 2005, Tongan instituted a consumption tax (GST) of 15%, rather than an income tax, which further penalizes the poor. If Bitcoin is adopted then more money in the pockets of average Tongans — and less for Western Union — will also benefit government coffers through the consumption tax.

Lord Fusitu’a also provides Bitcoin fundamentals talks weekly in the Tongan language.

The legal tender bill
Lord Fusitu’a looked to El Salvador’s bill for Bitcoin as legal tender before its release and seeks to pass “pretty much a carbon copy.”

Tonga’s bill has been ready to go since July 2021 and would make Bitcoin legal tender alongside Tonga’s currency, the paʻanga.

Like article 7 of El Salvador’s controversial Bitcoin Law, the bill would make Bitcoin mandatory to accept if proffered.

The bill will be tabled at the next session of parliament in May 2022. To pass, it will require the approval of a parliamentary majority of at least 14 of the 26 members.

Nine members of parliament are hereditary lords who “vote in a block” and supposedly “always” follow Fusitu’a’s lead as the only lawyer and barrister in parliament. Three other elected members have exposure to Bitcoin. Needing only two more of fourteen votes would seem to make a successful majority vote plausible.

Lord Fusitu’a expects there to be a natural uptick in remittances from the Tongan diaspora when and if the bill is passed into law. Bitcoin remittances back to Tonga have already seen an increase in 2021, he mentions.

It is pegged to five currencies keeping it artificially low to protect its exports of mainly produce, but this makes imports expensive.

Related: El Salvador: How it started vs. how it went with the Bitcoin Law in 2021

Bitcoin National Treasuries
The final part of Lord Fusitu’a's four-point Bitcoin plan is building Bitcoin’s national treasuries as a hedge against inflation. The lord’s thoughts on Bitcoin’s utility have informed this decision that is controversial in traditional economic policy.

“Emerging markets traditionally hold theirs in ‘melting at 5% per annum’ USD, ‘devaluing at 2-6% per annum' gold and ’negative yielding since 2008’ U.S. bonds. We do this also. Had we moved our $700 million national treasuries into BTC in March 2020 they would have been worth $22.5 billion by February 2021.”

“With a 2020 GDP of $510 million, $22.5 billion is equivalent to 45 years of Tongan economic productivity earned in 11 months,” he says, adding, “When Nayib Bukele teases on Twitter that he’s ‘buying the dip,’ what he means is he’s moving his national treasuries from those three dead man’s assets into BTC with each purchase.”

Bukele has been criticized for his decisions, but part of this criticism stems from the nature of his governance. Lord Fusitu’a’s track record of participation in multinational groups suggests he is more amenable to working with international organizations to secure his country’s economic future.

What’s ahead?
But, if it’s so obvious, why don’t other countries follow his logic? “They see the logic but it takes the money from legacy finance,” Lord Fusitu’a says.

Another Pacific Island, Palau, is rolling out a stable coin on Ripple’s XRP. “Are they crazy? Their approach is more palatable because partnerships with XRP with Ripple include legacy finance rails.”

The international monetary policy risks are still there for Tonga. In October 2021, the Internal Monetary Fund released a report acknowledging that crypto ecosystems could replace official currencies in “unbanked” emerging economies unless regulators ensure financial stability. But, perhaps that showed that the IMF was paying attention to Tonga.

On both the legal tender and the Bitcoin mining plans, Lord Fusitu’a is optimistic. The “Bitcoin community likes seeing the underdog win.”

Like many in crypto land, Lord Fusitu’a is either a genius or a great showman. Or both.



 

Vegas321

Live free and survive
Apologize for being so excited. But this was a HUGE Earth event folks!
I'm very concerned about the islands around the Volcanic event, and the very real possibility, of failing crops around the globe.
This could be a huge famine coming as a result.
The Earth skys in the coming weeks to months. Will be like nothing we ever seen.
 

Millwright

Knuckle Dragger
_______________
Apologize for being so excited. But this was a HUGE Earth event folks!
I'm very concerned about the islands around the Volcanic event, and the very real possibility, of failing crops around the globe.
This could be a huge famine coming as a result.
The Earth skys in the coming weeks to months. Will be like nothing we ever seen.
Is there anything out there quantifying it?
 

Vegas321

Live free and survive
I'm thinking, Krakatoa in 1883. Don't know if it was the same size. But, it may be close...
I'm pretty sure, we have not had this type of event since then.
The Megaton equivalent, will be mind blowing...
 

Publius

TB Fanatic
I'm seeing some reports on the internet and view one video posted by someone that lives on a near by island and showing the flooding taking place what I seen was not that bad, but that can change quickly.
It may take a few hours before we get any good report on what happening they will send aircraft into the area.
 

Vegas321

Live free and survive
The immediate relief for us, is that, the Tsunami was only about 2-4 feet. However. I suspect the ash cloud will totally darken the region of light. And dump hazardous ash on those islands. Not to mention, strong electrical currents is in the ash cloud. That is most likely, why communications are out.
The ash cloud has reached over 100k feet.
The result in the weeks, months and the rest of 2022. Will be abnormal low temps around the globe. And may fail may country's crops this year.
This will equil, food shortages and famine.

This eruption is the real deal doom porn.
This will play out for the rest of 2022.
 

Doomer Doug

TB Fanatic
Don't forget the Iceland volcanoes either. A massive eruption around 1785 or so is claimed to have indirectly caused the French revolution by causing the crop failures that then led to the food shortages. Marie Antoinette "Let them eat cake,"

All the stuff that went 100,000 into the air will circle the planet several times before dumping it on the ground.
We can expect famine in certain areas.
We can also expect food price increases even more than we are now seeing. Food shortages almost certainly.
Buy flour!
 

Vegas321

Live free and survive
Tonga is just a few miles from the volcano. With a population of over 100k
With the explosion, Tsunami, Ash and pyroclastic flows.
Could be a huge loss of life in Tonga. Maybe the whole island. Don't know how they faired.
My prayers are for them.

Keep in mind... This volcano is still erupting.
We may get another large explosion. Maybe bigger...
 
Last edited:

OldArcher

Has No Life - Lives on TB
Don't forget the Iceland volcanoes either. A massive eruption around 1785 or so is claimed to have indirectly caused the French revolution by causing the crop failures that then led to the food shortages. Marie Antoinette "Let them eat cake,"

All the stuff that went 100,000 into the air will circle the planet several times before dumping it on the ground.
We can expect famine in certain areas.
We can also expect food price increases even more than we are now seeing. Food shortages almost certainly.
Buy flour!
THIS is what the hard core preppers have been working toward. If enough volcanos blow, it’s an ELE…

OA
 

Publius

TB Fanatic
I just viewed some video footage and they did down play it some, but time will reveal what really happened and the satellite imagery looks like it really blew up.
 

Vegas321

Live free and survive
I just viewed some video footage and they did down play it some, but time will reveal what really happened and the satellite imagery looks like it really blew up.
We have not heard from the scientific volcano groups yet.
Once they crush the numbers. They will assign it a VFI, followed by a number grade from 1-8. 8 being the most powerful.
My first guess.. It will get a VFI-6, Maybe a 7.
VFI-8 is the highest number. Super-volcano types.
Weather forcasters will track the ash. And calculate future global temperature, in the coming weeks.
Big concern for the people on Tonga.
You can't fly stuff in there cuz, of the constant ash a explosion risks.
Maybe ships can assist?
 
Last edited:

wvstuck

Only worry about what you can control!
If I'm reading this article right, the big eruption was Friday and then another eruption occured this morning (Saturday) I highlighted that part near the end of the article.

Tonga hit by tsunami after volcanic eruption
A tsunami has flooded Tonga's capital after a large volcanic eruption from an undersea volcano. Other Pacific islands have issued advisories and have cautioned residents to seek higher ground.


Tongans were urged to get to higher ground after a massive volcanic eruption triggered a tsunami
The Pacific island of Tonga experienced a large volcanic eruption Saturday followed by a tsunami that flooded parts of the capital, Nuku'alofa.
The surge wave reached a height of 2.7 feet (83 centimeters) in Nuku'alofa, according to the US-based Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. There is no information yet on property damage or casualties.

Images posted on social media from Tonga showed the tsunami breach the shoreline, and move into the town.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said tsunami waves measuring 2 feet in height were observed by sea-level gauges in Pago Pago, the capital of the US territory of American Samoa, around 940 kilometers (580 miles) from Tonga.
Officials there initially issued a tsunami warning, and told residents to "immediately" evacuate to higher ground. The warning was lifted shortly thereafter.

Fiji also issued a tsunami warning, telling residents to avoid shorelines "due to strong currents and dangerous waves."
New Zealand, more than 2,000 kilometers away from the site of the eruption, has also issued a tsunami advisory.
New Zealand's National Emergency Management Agency said parts of the country could expect "strong and unusual currents and unpredictable surges at the shore."


The eruption Saturday was the latest in a series from the undersea Hunga Tonga, Hunga Ha'apai volcano. Saturday's eruption is the second in only two days.

A previous eruption on Friday sent plumes of ash and smoke into the air, with smoke clouds extending up to 20 kilometers (12 miles) into the atmosphere.


The volcano had showed some intermittent activity through December last year. On Friday, people were advised by officials to stay home and protect drinking water and resources.
 

Melodi

Disaster Cat
Now reporting 7.4 Earthquake as well (from the same eruption)...see photos at UK Daily Mail article link


Tsunami hits Tonga after undersea volcano eruption visible from space triggers earthquake measuring 7.4 on Richter scale and sends 4ft waves smashing into island as hundreds flee to higher ground

Tonga Meteorological Services said tsunami warning was in effect for all Tonga

Authorities in nearby Fiji also issued a warning, telling people to avoid shoreline

Dramatic video showed huge waves crashing into homes and buildings

A convoy of police and military troops evacuated Tonga's King from his palace

Dramatic satellite footage of the massive volanic eruption went viral online
By CHRIS JEWERS FOR MAILONLINE and AFP and ASSOCIATED PRESS

PUBLISHED: 08:53, 15 January 2022 | UPDATED: 13:36, 15 January 2022

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A Tsunami has hit Tonga after an undersea volcanic eruption that was visible from space triggered a 7.4 magnitude earthquake.

Waves as high as 4ft hit the shores of the Pacific island nation, with frightened Tongans fleeing to higher ground.

The 'violent' underwater volcanic eruption in the Pacific at 5.10pm local time was confirmed as the cause of the tsunami, which overwhelmed homes, buildings, fences, roads and cars in Tonga around 20 minutes later.

Locals pleaded for people to 'pray for us' as the eruption was compared to 'bombs going off' by those who heard it, followed by the tsunami surging ashore.

The eruption could be heard thousands of kilometres away and sparked warnings in New Zealand, Fiji, American Samoa and Australia.

Several Australian offshore territories are under a more serious threat, including Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and Macquarie Island, officials said.

Satellite images showed a 3 mile wide plume rising into the air to about 12 miles.

Authorities said there was also a 7.4 magnitude earthquake.

Dramatic official aerial maps showed the eruption cloud over Tonga after the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha'apai volcanco erupted (pictured, satellite images of the volanic eruption in the Pacific Ocean on Saturday) +11
Dramatic official aerial maps showed the eruption cloud over Tonga after the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha'apai volcanco erupted (pictured, satellite images of the volanic eruption in the Pacific Ocean on Saturday)

Pictured: Satellite imagery shows the underwater explosion (left). The images showed a 3 mile wide plume rising into the air to about 12 miles +11
Pictured: Satellite imagery shows the underwater explosion (left). The images showed a 3 mile wide plume rising into the air to about 12 miles

In this satellite image taken by Himawari-8, a Japanese weather satellite, and released by the agency, shows an undersea volcano eruption at the Pacific nation of Tonga Saturday +11
In this satellite image taken by Himawari-8, a Japanese weather satellite, and released by the agency, shows an undersea volcano eruption at the Pacific nation of Tonga Saturday

Locals pleaded for people to 'pray for us' as the eruption was compared to 'bombs going off' by those who heard it, followed by the tsunami surging ashore +11
Locals pleaded for people to 'pray for us' as the eruption was compared to 'bombs going off' by those who heard it, followed by the tsunami surging ashore

The eruption was so intense it was heard as 'loud thunder sounds' in Fiji more than 500 miles away, officials in Suva said +11
The eruption was so intense it was heard as 'loud thunder sounds' in Fiji more than 500 miles away, officials in Suva said

Pictured: Image captured by NOAA's GOES West satellite and made available by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) shows an explosive eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano, located in the South Pacific Kingdom of Tonga, 13 January 2022 +11
Pictured: Image captured by NOAA's GOES West satellite and made available by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) shows an explosive eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano, located in the South Pacific Kingdom of Tonga, 13 January 2022

The eruption (pictured from a satellite) could be heard thousands of kilometres away and sparked warnings in New Zealand, Fiji and American Samoa
The eruption (pictured from a satellite) could be heard thousands of kilometres away and sparked warnings in New Zealand, Fiji and American Samoa

'A 1.2 metre tsunami wave has been observed at Nukualofa,' Australia's Bureau of Meteorology tweeted. The maximum tsunami wave recorded following Friday's explosion was 30 centimetres.

The Tonga Meteorological Services said the tsunami warning was in effect for all of Tonga, that is home to about 105,000 people.

There were no immediate reports of injuries or the extent of the damage as communications with the small nation remained problematic.

The eruption was so intense it was heard as 'loud thunder sounds' in Fiji more than 500 miles away, officials in Suva said.

Authorities in Fiji also issued a warning, telling people to avoid the shoreline due to strong currents and dangerous waves. Fijian officials also warned residents to cover water collection tanks in case of acidic rain fall.

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Victorina Kioa of the Tonga Public Service Commission said Friday that people should 'keep away from areas of warning which are low-lying coastal areas, reefs and beaches.'

The head of Tonga Geological Services Taaniela Kula urged people to stay indoors, wear a mask if they were outside and cover rainwater reservoirs and rainwater harvesting systems.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre issued a 'tsunami advisory' for American Samoa, saying there was a threat of 'sea level fluctuations and strong ocean currents that could be a hazard along beaches.'

A tsunami has struck Tonga sending terrified locals fleeing for high ground as huge waves crashed over roads and into homes (pictured, tsunami waves begin to overwhelm coastal homes in Tonga on Saturday) +11
A tsunami has struck Tonga sending terrified locals fleeing for high ground as huge waves crashed over roads and into homes (pictured, tsunami waves begin to overwhelm coastal homes in Tonga on Saturday)

Locals had little warnings as the huge waves came ashore +11
Locals took to social media to share dramatic videos of the surging waves making land and crashing through homes and cars +11
Locals took to social media to share dramatic videos of the surging waves making land and crashing through homes and cars (pictured, still images from video filmed in Tonga and posted to social media on Saturday)

+11
The Islands Business news site reported that a convoy of police and military troops evacuated Tonga's King Tupou VI from his palace near the shore as residents headed for higher ground.

The explosion of the Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha'apai volcano was the latest in a series of spectacular eruptions.

Mere Taufa said she was in her house getting ready for dinner when the volcano erupted.

'It was massive, the ground shook, our house was shaking. It came in waves. My younger brother thought bombs were exploding nearby,' Taufa told the Stuff news website.

She said water filled their home minutes later and she saw the wall of a neighbouring house collapse.

'We just knew straight away it was a tsunami. Just water gushing into our home.

'You could just hear screams everywhere, people screaming for safety, for everyone to get to higher ground.'

A Twitter user identified as Dr Faka'iloatonga Taumoefolau posted video showing waves crashing ashore.

This picture taken on December 21, 2021 shows white gaseous clouds rising from the Hunga Ha'apai eruption seen from the Patangata coastline near Tongan capital Nuku'alofa +11
This picture taken on December 21, 2021 shows white gaseous clouds rising from the Hunga Ha'apai eruption seen from the Patangata coastline near Tongan capital Nuku'alofa

'Can literally hear the volcano eruption, sounds pretty violent,' he wrote, adding in a later post: 'Raining ash and tiny pebbles, darkness blanketing the sky.'

Earlier, the Matangi Tonga news site reported that scientists had observed massive explosions, thunder and lightning near the volcano after it started erupting Friday.

The site said satellite images showed a three-mile-wide plume of ash, steam and gas rising about 12 miles into the air.

More than 1,400 miles away in New Zealand, officials warned of storm surges from the eruption.

The National Emergency Management Agency said some parts could expect 'strong and unusual currents and unpredictable surges at the shore following a large volcanic eruption'.

Late on Saturday, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said the threat to American Samoa appeared to have passed, although minor sea fluctuations could continue.

The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano sits on an uninhabited island about 40 miles north of the Tongan capital Nuku'alofa.

In late 2014 and early 2015, a series of eruptions in the area created a small island and disrupted international air travel to the Pacific archipelago for several days.
 

thorr

Senior Member
BULLETIN
Public Tsunami Message Number 2
NWS National Tsunami Warning Center Palmer AK
453 AM PST Sat Jan 15 2022

UPDATES
-------
* A tsunami has been confirmed and some impacts are expected
* Revised alert areas
* A Volcanic Eruption has occured in the Tonga Islands
* Please Disregard Earthquake Parameters


...A TSUNAMI ADVISORY IS NOW IN EFFECT...



Tsunami Advisory in Effect for;

* CALIFORNIA, The coast from The Cal./Mexico Border to The
Oregon/Cal. Border including San Francisco Bay

* OREGON, The coast from The Oregon/Cal. Border to The
Oregon/Wash. Border including the Columbia River estuary
coast

* WASHINGTON, Outer coast from the Oregon/Washington border
to Slip Point, Columbia River estuary coast, and the Juan
de Fuca Strait coast

* BRITISH COLUMBIA, The north coast and Haida Gwaii, the
central coast and northeast Vancouver Island, the outer
west coast of Vancouver Island, the Juan de Fuca Strait
coast

* SOUTHEAST ALASKA, The inner and outer coast from The
BC/Alaska Border to Cape Fairweather, Alaska (80 miles SE
of Yakutat)

* SOUTH ALASKA AND THE ALASKA PENINSULA, Pacific coasts from
Cape Fairweather, Alaska (80 miles SE of Yakutat) to Unimak
Pass, Alaska (80 miles NE of Unalaska)

* ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, Unimak Pass, Alaska (80 miles NE of
Unalaska) to Attu, Alaska including the Pribilof Islands
K
 
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